BIS or Bispectral monitoring is a relatively new but controversial technology to monitor depth of anaesthesia. This module covers how it works and if it works. Length of Study: 60 min. Difficulty: Easy
This module covers the safety features built into the modern anaesthetic machine. With more theatres moving to electronic self-checking machines this is a useful reminder of where we have come from and how safety is built into all aspects of the anaesthetic machine. It is also useful for anyone new to anaesthetics. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
Awareness during anaesthesia can be very distressing for a patient, particularly if accompanied by recall of the painful nature of surgery. This article explores the types, incidence, consequences, causes, management and avoidance of intraoperative awareness. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
This module covers the basic principles behind setting up, inserting and monitoring intra-arterial blood pressure lines that an anaesthetic assistant needs.
There is also an separate advanced module available which covers more of the physics indepth. Length of Study: 90 min Difficulty: Easy
Arterial Blood Pressure Measurement – The physics and principles.
Intra-arterial blood pressure measurement is often considered to be the gold standard of blood pressure measurement. This accuracy however, depends on a number of physical principles of the systems used, which are explored in this advanced module.
The is also a separate easier module available covering setting up and using arterial lines. Length of Study: 75 min Difficulty: Medium
Vaporisers are specially designed devices that deliver a very accurate concentration of anaesthetics. This module discusses them and how the process of vaporisation works. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Medium
Pre-oxygenation is used in anaesthesia to prolong the time to desaturation during a period of apnoea, such as frequently happens upon induction. This can also be thought of a denitogenation. This article covers the science behind it and discusses some patient groups that need special attention. Length of Study: 60 min
Physiological effects of transfer for critically ill patients
Critically ill patients can be exposed to significant physiological changes during transfer that can lead to significant instability with hypoxia, hypotension, arrhythmias and changes in intracranial pressure (ICP). This tutorial will explore the physiological effects that land and air transfer have on critically ill patients and describe how these adverse physiological sequelae can be avoided or reduced. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Medium
With medical lasers becoming more common within the operating theatre and this module gives an insight into the science behind them and the potential hazards of using them. Length of Study: 75 min Difficulty: Difficult