BIS or Bispectral monitoring is a relatively new but controversial technology to monitor depth of anaesthesia. This module covers how it works and if it works. Length of Study: 60 min. Difficulty: Easy
Post dural puncture headache is unpleasant, it may interfere with a new mother’s ability to care for her newborn and it may extend the length of hospital stay. This module covers both prevention and treatment options. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
This module covers the safety features built into the modern anaesthetic machine. With more theatres moving to electronic self-checking machines this is a useful reminder of where we have come from and how safety is built into all aspects of the anaesthetic machine. It is also useful for anyone new to anaesthetics. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
This module covers the basic principles behind setting up, inserting and monitoring intra-arterial blood pressure lines that an anaesthetic assistant needs.
There is also an separate advanced module available which covers more of the physics indepth. Length of Study: 90 min Difficulty: Easy
Electrosurgery or diathermy has allowed faster operating, reduced blood loss and new surgical techniques. It does have its dangers and its safe use in operating theatres requires a grasp of its mechanisms of action and potential pitfalls.
Length of Study: 60 min
Arterial Blood Pressure Measurement – The physics and principles.
Intra-arterial blood pressure measurement is often considered to be the gold standard of blood pressure measurement. This accuracy however, depends on a number of physical principles of the systems used, which are explored in this advanced module.
The is also a separate easier module available covering setting up and using arterial lines. Length of Study: 75 min Difficulty: Medium
Surgical smoke is now recognised as a hazard that is encountered in all operating theatres. Unfortunately, the dangers and health risks associated with it continue to be overlooked by many surgeons, nurses and theatre staff. It is important to be aware of the dangers of surgical smoke and for everyone to help minimise the risks. Length of study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
Vaporisers are specially designed devices that deliver a very accurate concentration of anaesthetics. This module discusses them and how the process of vaporisation works. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Medium
Health professionals use the electrocardiograph (ECG) rhythm strip to systematically analyse the cardiac rhythm. Before the systematic process of ECG analysis is described it is important to understand the individual waveforms, segments and intervals of the ECG. This module reviews all these steps. Length of Study: 90 min
The pulse oximeter provides an indication of oxygen status in the body. However, the link between a pulse oximeter reading and the events occurring in the body can be complex and difficult to evaluate. We all require an understanding of factors associated with oxygen uptake and delivery to be able to use pulse oximetry in a knowledgeable way. Length of Study: 80 min
Intraosseous (IO) access is an alternative method to providing venous administration of drugs and fluids. Commonly used by the military and pre-hospital medics,it is gaining popularity in the hospital setting where intravenous access is challenging or time critical. Length of Study: 75 min
This module discusses basics of perioperative cell salvage or call saver. Its principles, indications, contra-indications and the various types of system available. Length of Study: 75 min
Different patient positions are required to provide access for different surgical procedures. Each position has implications for ventilation and haemodynamics, as well as exposing patients to possible complications such as nerve injury and pressure sores.
Length of Study: 60 min
Target Controlled Infusions [TCI] of propofol & remifentanil
The use of TCI pumps for propofol and remifentanil is becoming more popular. This article covers some of the science behind target controlled infusions and how they work. Length of Study: 90 min Difficulty: Difficult
Surgical tourniquets are commonly used in the operating theatres, particularly during orthopaedic cases. Although they are very safe when used properly they can have rare but catastrophic consequences. This module covers how, where and when to use them and more importantly when not to. Length of Study: 60 min Difficulty: Easy
With medical lasers becoming more common within the operating theatre and this module gives an insight into the science behind them and the potential hazards of using them. Length of Study: 75 min Difficulty: Difficult