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Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac Tamponade Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening emergency that impairs the ability of the heart to fill and to pump. Although not strictly a perioperative…

Rapid Sequence Induction

Rapid Sequence Induction Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is a method of achieving rapid control of the airway whilst minimising the risk of regurgitation and aspiration…

COPD and Anaesthesia

COPD and Anaesthesia Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a commonly encountered respiratory disorder. Patients with COPD pose a challenge to the anaesthetist because intraoperative…

Blood Component Therapy

Blood Component Therapy Blood products are any therapeutic substances that are prepared from human blood. These can be classified into blood components (red cell concentrates,…

Apnoea & Pre-oxygenation

Apnoea & Pre-oxygenation Pre-oxygenation is used in anaesthesia to prolong the time to desaturation during a period of apnoea, such as frequently happens upon induction.…

ECG: a review

Understanding your ECG: a review Health professionals use the electrocardiograph (ECG) rhythm strip to systematically analyse the cardiac rhythm. Before the systematic process of ECG…

Cell Salvage: an introduction

Perioperative Cell Salvage: an introduction This module discusses basics of perioperative cell salvage or call saver. Its principles, indications, contra-indications and the various types of…

Laryngospasm in Anaesthesia

Laryngospasm in Anaesthesia Recognition of at-risk patients will help to prevent laryngospasm and avoid potential significant morbidity. This module discusses laryngospasm, its recognition, prevention and…

Anaphylaxis – perioperative

Perioperative anaphylaxis Perioperative anaphylaxis is not uncommon and several commonly used anaesthetic drugs can cause anaphylaxis. This modules covers latest guidelines to identifying and treating…

Placental Abruption

Placental Abruption Placental abruption is defined as separation of the placenta from the decidua basalis before delivery of the fetus. It is extremely serious and…

Sugammadex: an overview

Sugammadex: an overview Sugammadex is an effective and safe agent for reversing neuromuscular blockade, in particular all depths of rocuronium-induced blockade. Sugammadex provides a real…

Surgical tourniquets

Surgical tourniquets Surgical tourniquets are commonly used in the operating theatres, particularly during orthopaedic cases. Although they are very safe when used properly they can…

Urea & Electrolytes

Urea & Electrolytes: a review Urea and electrolytes (U&Es) are the most frequently requested biochemistry tests. They provide useful information about several aspects of health,…

Spinal Anaesthesia

Spinal Anaesthesia This module covers the relevant anatomy, physiology and pharmacology of safe and satisfactory spinal anaesthesia. Length of Study: 90 min Difficulty: Medium

Paediatric Pain

Paediatric Pain Good quality, effective management of pain in paediatric patients is an essential component of paediatric anaesthesia. However, achieving this can be difficult for…

Sutures & Needles: a review

Sutures & Needles a review This modules reviews different suture materials, absorbable vs non-absorbable, monofilament vs multifilament and the shapes of various needles used in surgery. Length of Study: 80 min.…