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Deep Brain Stimulators

Deep Brain Stimulators Deep brain stimulation is an increasingly common treatment for Parkinson’s disease (PD), other movement disorders, certain psychiatric conditions, and chronic pain syndromes.…

Understanding Vaporisers

Understanding vaporisers This updated module explains how modern anaesthetic vaporisers work and the principles behind them. It includes electronic and direct injection vaporisers. Length of…

Paediatric Trauma

Paediatric Trauma Anatomical and physiological differences in children require special consideration and most seriously injured children have multiple injuries. This module is mainly for those…

Anaesthesia for ECT

Anaesthesia for ECT ECT (Electroconvulsive Therapy) is a treatment that involves sending an electric current through the brain to trigger an epileptic seizure to relieve the…

BIS: fact or fiction

BIS: fact or fiction BIS or Bispectral monitoring is a relatively new but controversial technology to monitor depth of anaesthesia. This module covers how it…

Necrotising Fasciitis

Necrotising Fasciitis This module describes the diagnosis and common management of NF. Patients need integrated, interdisciplinary management involving surgeons, intensive care physicians and microbiologists. Close monitoring…

Sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease Sickle cell disease is a disorder of the blood caused by an inherited abnormal haemoglobin. The abnormal haemoglobin causes distorted (sickled) red…

Diathermy: the basics

Diathermy:  the basics  Electrosurgery or diathermy has allowed faster operating, reduced blood loss and new surgical techniques. It does have its dangers and its safe…

Latex Allergies

Latex Allergies Latex allergies can be present in both staff and patients. Perioperative workers have to be aware of the causes and consequences of latex products…

Suxamethonium Apnoea

Suxamethonium Apnoea This module describes the action of suxamethonium, the inheritance of suxamethonium apnoea, and the non-inherited conditions that can also cause it. The presentation…

Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac Tamponade Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening emergency that impairs the ability of the heart to fill and to pump. Although not strictly a perioperative…

COPD and Anaesthesia

COPD and Anaesthesia Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a commonly encountered respiratory disorder. Patients with COPD pose a challenge to the anaesthetist because intraoperative…

Blood Component Therapy

Blood Component Therapy Blood products are any therapeutic substances that are prepared from human blood. These can be classified into blood components (red cell concentrates,…